Published at Wednesday, September 28th, 2016 - 18:08:13 PM. Door. By john.
Types of vehicle doors : There are many different types of vehicle doors, including the following: Conventional doors : A conventional door, also known as a regular door is a type of door that is hinged at the front-facing edge of the door, and so allows the door to swing outward from the body of the car. These doors are relatively safe, in that if they are opened during forward motion of the vehicle, the wind resistance will work against the opening door, and will effectively force its closure. The operation of a vehicle door entering, exiting, or standing out side an opened vehicle door is extremely dangerous particularly at night even when looking both ways. The issue is the vehicle door in most cases provides not visual warning to other vehicle drivers to allow accident avoidance of another vehicle driver to have the time to take avoidance measures. New advancements have been made to allow the viewing of the opened vehicle door at night with the addition of highly reflective tape applied to the lower interior edge of the vehicle door ( see US Patent No. 9,308,859 ). These new advancements allow the opened vehicle door to be seen even with a person blocking the prior art systems such as a reflector or a light by providing reflex reflectivity exceeding fifty percent of the vehicle door behind a person legs blocking the opened vehicle door at night. Disappearing doors : A disappearing door is a type the slides down and under the vehicle. This type makes the whole side of the passenger compartment open, and only leaves a threshold to step over to get in and out. Also called the Jatech rotary drop door, or disappearing car door. One example of a car with disappearing doors is the Lincoln Mark VIII concept car.
Hinge terminology : Components : Pin The rod that holds the leaves together, inside the knuckle. Knuckle The hollow—typically circular—portion creating the joint of the hinge through which the pin is set. The knuckles of either leaf typically alternate and interlock with the pin passing through all of them. (aka. loop, joint, node or curl) Leaf The portions (typically two) that extend laterally from the knuckle and typically revolve around the pin. Characteristics End Play Axial movement between the leaves along the axis of the pin. This motion allows the leaves to rotate without binding and is determined by the typical distance between knuckles (knuckle gap) when both edges of the leaves are aligned. Gauge Thickness of the leaves. Hinge Width Length from the outer edge of one leaf to the outer edge of the other leaf, perpendicularly across the pin(aka open width). Hinge Length The length of the leaves parallel to the pin. Knuckle Length The typical length of an individual knuckle parallel to the pin. Leaf Width Length from the center of the pin to the outer edge of the leaf. Pitch Distance from the end of a knuckle to the same edge of its adjacent knuckle on the same leaf Slop A colloquialism referring to loose angular movement of the leaves relative to the pin.
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