Published at Thursday, September 29th, 2016 - 02:18:13 AM. Door. By john.
Hinge terminology : Components : Pin The rod that holds the leaves together, inside the knuckle. Knuckle The hollow—typically circular—portion creating the joint of the hinge through which the pin is set. The knuckles of either leaf typically alternate and interlock with the pin passing through all of them. (aka. loop, joint, node or curl) Leaf The portions (typically two) that extend laterally from the knuckle and typically revolve around the pin. Characteristics End Play Axial movement between the leaves along the axis of the pin. This motion allows the leaves to rotate without binding and is determined by the typical distance between knuckles (knuckle gap) when both edges of the leaves are aligned. Gauge Thickness of the leaves. Hinge Width Length from the outer edge of one leaf to the outer edge of the other leaf, perpendicularly across the pin(aka open width). Hinge Length The length of the leaves parallel to the pin. Knuckle Length The typical length of an individual knuckle parallel to the pin. Leaf Width Length from the center of the pin to the outer edge of the leaf. Pitch Distance from the end of a knuckle to the same edge of its adjacent knuckle on the same leaf Slop A colloquialism referring to loose angular movement of the leaves relative to the pin.
Gull-wing door : A gull-wing door, also known as a falcon-wing door, is an automotive industry term describing car doors that are hinged at the roof rather than the side, as pioneered by the 1952 Mercedes-Benz 300SL race car (W194) and its road-legal version (W198) introduced in 1954. Opening upwards, the doors evoke the image of a seagulls wings. In French they are portes papillon (butterfly doors). The papillon door, slightly different in its architecture from a gullwing door – designed by Jean Bugatti in 1939 Type 64, 14 years before Mercedes-Benz produced its similar, famous 300SL gullwing door – is a precursor, but is often overlooked when discussing gull-wing design. Conventional car doors are typically hinged at the front-facing edge of the door, with the door swinging outward horizontally. Apart from the Mercedes-Benz 300SL of the mid-1950s and the experimental Mercedes-Benz C111 of the early 1970s, the best-known examples of road-cars with gull-wing doors are the Bricklin SV-1 from the 1970s, the DeLorean DMC-12 from the 1980s, and the Tesla Model X of the 2010s. Gull-wing doors have also been used in aircraft designs, such as the four-seat single-engine Socata TB series built in France.
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